This microsite provides analysis of national GCSE and A-Level results in England, Wales and Northern Ireland from 2014 to 2018. The data has been sourced from the Joint Council for Qualifications. The Nuffield Foundation has provided funding for the development of the site.

There has been substantial policy change at both Key Stage 4 and Key Stage 5 during this time. All three nations have reviewed their curriculum and adopted different approaches in response. These changes affect comparisons between the three nations, and comparisons over time within each nation - this site is designed to highlight where these changes are having an impact.

Read the guide to using this site


Exam entries and grades awarded

JCQ (GCSE, AS-/A-Level)

Exam entry and attainment data is sourced from the Joint Council for Qualifications (JCQ), a membership organisation for the eight largest awarding organisations in the UK.

Each year in August, JCQ publishes the aggregate results of A-Levels and GCSEs delivered by its members. The data published is provisional - results may subsequently change due to appeals and remarks. Comparisons to previous years on this site are similarly based on provisional results.

Dates of reform

England: Ofqual (GCSE, AS-/A-Level)

Wales: Qualifications Wales (GCSE and AS-/A-Level)

Northern Ireland: Council for the Curriculum, Examinations and Assessment (GCSE, AS-/A-Level)

EBacc subjects (England only)

Department for Education (eligible qualifications)

Progress 8 subjects (England only)

Department for Education (double-weighted subjects)

Facilitating subjects

Russell Group (eligible subjects)

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  • Funding: Nuffield Foundation
  • Design: Geoff Solomon, Philip Nye
  • Data, blogposts: Philip Nye, Dave Thomson
  • User testing: Kat Cole (The Beacon School), Kathryn Cruickshanks (St Ursula’s School), Paddy McGrath (London Academy), Amy Sippitt (Full Fact), Steve Wren (Tadcaster Grammar School), Jerry White (City College Norwich) and others
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The Nuffield Foundation

The Nuffield Foundation funds research, analysis, and student programmes that advance educational opportunity and social well-being across the United Kingdom. It is an independent charitable trust established in 1943 by William Morris, Lord Nuffield, the founder of Morris Motors.

The Foundation works to improve people’s lives, and their ability to participate in society, by understanding the social and economic factors that affect their chances in life. The research it funds aims to improve the design and operation of social policy, particularly in Education, Welfare, and Justice.

The Foundation’s student programmes – Nuffield Research Placements and Q-Step – provide opportunities for individual students, particularly those from disadvantaged backgrounds, to develop their skills and confidence in quantitative and scientific methods.

The Nuffield Foundation has funded this project, but the collation and interpretation of the data has been the responsibility of the FFT Education Datalab team. www.nuffieldfoundation.org | @NuffieldFound

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